Bali history

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The first island of Bali is estimated to come in 3000-2500 BCE who migrated from Asia. Remainder of the stone tools found in the village Cekik located in the western part of the island. Prehistoric period and ended with the arrival of people from Hindu India in 100 BC.

Bali culture and get a strong cultural influence of India, the process was faster after century BC-1. Name Balidwipa (Bali Island) began to be found in various inscription, among Prasasti Blanjong issued by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in the 913 M and the word Walidwipa. Estimated at this time subak irrigation system for rice have been developed. Some religious and cultural traditions also start developing at that time. Kingdom of Majapahit (1293-1500 AD) and the Hindu religious center in the island, had established the kingdom subordinate around Bali in 1343 M. At that time nearly all the archipelago are Hindu, but the stand over the coming Islamic kingdoms of Islam in the archipelago, among others, the collapse of Majapahit. Many noble, clergy, artists, and other Hindu community that, when it aside from Java to Bali.

European people who first discover Bali is Cornelis de Houtman’s Dutch in 1597, though a Portuguese ship had previously dumped near Tanjung Bukit, Jimbaran, in 1585. Netherlands through the VOC also began to implement colonization in the land of Bali, but will continue to get resistance, so his position until the end as strong as Bali is not their position or in the Moluccas. Starting from the northern Bali, since the presence of an 1840-Netherlands has become permanent, which was initially conducted with grass-sheep Bali various authorities who do not trust each other to one another. Netherlands to attack via the sea and the large land area of Sanur, and followed by the Denpasar. The losers in Bali and the amount of weaponry does not want to give up because of shame, so that caused a war to death or blowing, which involves all the people both men and women including the king. Estimated as many as 4000 people killed in the incident, although the Netherlands has ordered them to surrender. Next, the governor of the Netherlands ruled that it provides only a little influence on the island, so that control of the local religion and culture generally does not change.


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