Atlantis is the name of a legendary island, supposed to have disappeared at sea, which was first mentioned in the writings of Timaeus and Critias “, the Greek philosopher Plato. The credibility of this assertion lies in the reliability of the philosopher and his insistence on the true nature of who gave this story.
The science has shown that this lost continent never existed, at least as described by Plato. But it is possible that the legend was inspired by a real event, the eruption of the volcano on the island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea, which occurred in the century XVIIaC.
The legend of Atlantis in the story:
The legend was known during the Middle Ages, but no attraction. Only in the Renaissance is recovered by the humanists, those who accept it. The Mexican writer Alfonso Reyes, argues that this resurrection of the myth, helped the discovery of America. In the “General History of the Indies” (1552), Francisco López de Gómara claims that Columbus was under the influence of the legend. Find in the voice of Nahuatl, the ending “ATL” as an indication of the existence of a link between Aztecs and Atlanta.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several islands were remnants of the lost continent as (Azores, Canaries, West Indies). In 1626, Francis Bacon, English philosopher, published “The New Atlantis,” a delirious dream of a world based on reason and the scientific and technological progress.
The chronicler José Pellicer Ossau, in 1673, in Spain, identifies Atlantis to the Iberian peninsula, linking to Atlanta with the “tartessios.
In 1869, Jules Verne wrote “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea,” where he describes an encounter with the remains of a submerged city in Chapter IX.
In 1883, Ignatius Donnelly, American congressman, publishes “Atlantis: The antediluvian world,” Donnelly speculated about where the similarities between the Egyptian and Mesoamerican cultures, and manipulates the observations to conclude that there must be missing an area that would have given rise to any human civilization, and that would be Atlantis. This book had great success in the twentieth century, when certain technological advances were likely to look the theories. So was the credulity, that the British government organized an expedition to the Azores, where the site located at Donnelly Atlantis. Other historians and archeologists will explore the tracks on the lost continent, provided no evidence.