Spanish guitar – History and Theories

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The guitar is the most universal musical instrument and spread among people around the world and one of the most important contributions of Hispanic culture to world civilization. But little is known of its origins, its history and its principal performer and events.
There are basically two different and contradictory theories about the origin of the 6 strings. The first one argues that the Spanish guitar is descended from the sitar which was taken to the Spanish territories around the 4th century after the Christian era. The second theory holds that descends from a musical instrument called “Arabic ud” that was brought to Spain by the Moors in the eighth century.
As for the more remote history of this beautiful musical instrument, one can refer to a four-stringed instrument that was allegedly used by the Hittites in Asia Minor around the year 1450 before the Christian era. This instrument is said, had curved sides and well contoured, which obviously is about the concept of the guitar we have today.
In the fifteenth century is a modification of this instrument, the vihuela, which adds the new concept of double strings and a longer handle which allowed for greater scale and breadth of notes. Anyway, the guitar has been completely developed in parallel to the vihuela and the lute, but is supposed to come from backgrounds sets.
Since the early nineteenth century guitars using current conformation of 6 strings. Reinforcements were also included in the box for it to be thinner and have greater resonance in the handle so you can increase the tension of the strings. In 1850, Antonio T. Jury made outstanding changes to the structure of this instrument to reach even today.


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