Based or researches and studies with captive birds we have gained insight into which birds are the most
intelligent. Along with crows, ravens, and jays – parrots are considered the most intelligent of birds. Parrots
have the distinction of being able to mimic human speech.
Green-winged Macaw (Ara chloropterus)
The popular and beautiful Green-winged Macaw which is also known as Red-and-green Macaw of South America
is the most common of the large macaws in the wild. In recent years there has been a marked decline in its
numbers due to habitat loss and illegal capture for the pet trade. A Green-winged Macaw is a high maintenance
pet; it is expensive to purchase, adopt or maintain. It is also demanding, and extremely loud and noisy cage birds.
It is prized for its beautiful plumage and considered very affectionate with its owner. The Green-winged macaw is
considered an intelligent species as shown on the above picture. Many hybrids between this and other macaw
species are popular.
Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao)
Scarlet Macaw is considered to be among the most beautiful birds in the world. Like the Green-winged Macaw, it
is a popular but expensive pet. Prized for its beautiful plumage and considered very affectionate, it is likewise
considered an intelligent species.
Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
This popular pet bird of South America is the largest macaw and the world’s largest flying parrot. Its popularity as
pets has taken a heavy toll on their population in the wild. It is also one of the most expensive animals in the world
reaching a price of around US$9,000-$12,000.
Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus)
If you’re looking for a pet with a long lifespan, the energetic and playful Rainbow Lorikeet is ideal for you. This
colorful bird often exceeds 20 years. It is well-known in aviculture for its liquid droppings. In Australia, ownership
of captive-bred Rainbow Lorikeets is legal.
Blue-eared Lory (Eos semilarvata)
The small but colorful Blue-eared Lory can be found only on the island of Seram in Indonesia. It feeds on
flowering trees, including tree-heathers above the tree-line. Other common names for this parrot include
Ceram Lory, Half-masked Lory and Seram Lory.
Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguus)
Great Green Macaw or Buffon’s Macaw is still very rarely seen as a pet. It is a Central and South American parrot
found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia, Panama and Ecuador. There are 2 recognized subspecies of the
Red and Blue Lory (Eos histrio)
The endangered Red-and-blue Lory of Indonesia is an arboreal parrot. It is hunted for the pet trade and has lost
much of its habitat due to habitat destruction. It can only be found now in Talaud Islands with an estimated
population of only 5,000-10,000 birds. It is thought to be in rapid decline.
Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)
The quiet and affectionate Blue-headed Parrot is a resident breeding bird in tropical South and Central America.
It grows up to 27 cm in length. This parrot is named for its medium-blue head and neck. It is also informally known
as Blue-headed Pionus.
Blue-streaked Lory (Eos reticulata)
The active and gregarious Blue-streaked Lory of Tanimbar and Babar Islands in Indonesia inhabits mangrove,
coconut groves, plantations and forests. This medium size parrot is very social and affectionate. Its song is
usually softer than other parrots except when alarmed or bored. It is also informally known as the Blue-necked
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri)
The long-tailed Scarlet-fronted Parakeet of South America is sometimes called the Scarlet-fronted Conure. It can
be found in Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador and Columbia on its natural habitats like subtropical or tropical dry forest,
subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist mountains and especially high-altitude
shrubland and forest.
Edward’s Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii)
The Edwards’s Fig-parrot of New Guinea can be found in humid lowland forests. It is also known as the Scarlet-
cheeked Fig-parrot. It is named after Alphonse Milne-Edwards.
Marigold Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus capistratus)
Lorikeets are popular pets because they are amusing and affectionate although much more demanding than
other parrots. They can be found in Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and other neighboring islands.
Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda)
The not-so-colorful Long-tailed Parakeet with a long blue tail is native to the Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands,
Sumatra, Borneo and Malaysian peninsula.
Plum-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)
The unique-looking Plum-headed Parakeet with a peculiar long tail is native to the Indian subcontinent and is a
resident breeder in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. It is a gregarious and noisy bird with range of
raucous calls. The usual flight and contact call is oink repeated now and then.
Masked Lovebirds (Agapornis personata)
The cute Masked Lovebird also called Yellow-collared Lovebird is endemic to Tanzania and had been introduced
to Burundi and Kenya. Various color mutations exist, including blue, cobalt, slate, dilute slate and violet.
Fischer’s Lovebirds (Agapornis fischeri)
The lovely and beautiful Fischer’s Lovebird are native to Africa and were first bred in the United States in 1926.
It has a population estimated to be between 290,000-1,000,000. Export licenses were suspended in 1992 to halt
any further decline in the species. Both sexes of this lovebird appear the same. The best way to determine the
sex of a bird is through DNA testing. It was named after the explorer Gustav Fischer.
Scarlet Chested Parrot (Neophema splendida)
The captivating Scarlet-chested Parrot is native to central South Australia and inland southern Western Australia.
This parrot has many mutations including the par blue, sea green and white breasted. It is also known by informal
names like Scarlet-breasted Parrot, Orange-throated Parrot and Splendid Parrot.
Blue Bonnet (Northiella haematogaster)
The pugnacious Blue Bonnet of Australia live on open woodland, scrub, riverine forest, spinifex, and farmlands
in the eastern half of the continent, with a smaller race being found in the Western Australian Nullabor region. It
grows up to 35 cm in length.
Purple-bellied Lorikeet (Lorius hypoinochrous)
The lovely Purple-bellied Lory of Papua New Guinea is a species of parrot that lives on subtropical or tropical
moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist mountains.
Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi)
The Orange-cheeked Parrot can be found in Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia and Ecuador. It is a parrot
whose natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.
Swainson’s Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus moluccanus)
Another lovely and colorful subspecies of Lorikeet is the Swainson’s Lorikeet which is scientifically named
Trichoglossus haematodus moluccanus.
Moluccan King Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis)
This colorful parrot can be found and endemic to Maluku, Indonesia. Moluccan King Parrot sometimes referred to
as the Ambon King Parrot, but this is potentially misleading, as it is found on numerous other islands than Ambon.
Cuban Amazon (Amazona leucocephala)
The handsome-looking Cuban Amazon is a protected species. It only has an estimated population of not more
than 20,000 birds. It is a medium-sized parrot found in woodlands and dry forests of Cuba, the Bahamas and
Cayman Islands in the Caribbean. It is also informally known as Cuban Parrot or the Rose-throated Parrot.
White-bellied Parrot (Pionites leucogaster)
The White-bellied Parrot or White-bellied Caique is a popular pet found in humid forest and wooded habitats in
the Amazon. It is generally fairly common throughout its range and is easily seen in a wide range of protected
areas in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.
I hope you have had a wonderful time reading this. Thanks!
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